About Bariatric Surgery
Obesity, the incidence of which has been increasing in recent years, is on the way to reach the peak of all the diseases of the past. It is tried to be treated with many methods such as dieting, increasing physical activity or drug therapy. The success rate with these methods is very low and today the most effective method in the treatment of obesity is surgery. There are multiple options in bariatric surgery. In general, the types of surgery can be divided into restrictive and malabsorption. Absorptive surgeries often have a limiting component.
The purpose of restrictive surgeries is to reduce the amount of eating and suppress the function of hunger hormones. The stomach is cut down through a tube placed through the mouth, and special attention is paid to removing the fundus part of the stomach where the hunger hormone ghrelin is secreted.
In surgeries with absorption inhibition feature, the stomach is reduced in various proportions. New pathways are made between the stomach and the intestines. The aim is to prevent the contact of food with the intestines of the first 150-200 cm after the stomach. In this way, a controlled absorption disorder is created. At the same time, when the contact of foods with this area is prevented, various hormonal changes occur and improvements are seen in diabetes.
It should not be forgotten that obesity is a serious health problem, a disease. Bariatric surgery should be performed for certain medical indications, not for cosmetic purposes. The fact that the surgeon performing the surgery is experienced in this regard, that the hospital has the appropriate equipment and that the postbariatric follow-up process is carried out by experts in the field increases the success rate.