Post-Operative Pregnancy Nutrition
An increase in pregnancy rates is observed after bariatric surgery. Patients should be informed about not getting pregnant in the first year. It is not recommended to get pregnant while the weight loss process continues. Despite these warnings, early pregnancies can be seen after surgery. The health of the mother will also affect the health of the baby. During this period, patients should be followed closely and appropriate treatments should be initiated by detecting possible deficiencies in the body. Vitamin values, especially B vitamins, iron and folate, should be monitored at regular intervals, and supplemental drugs should be used if necessary.
Our recommendation; medical check-up every three months. Anemia is common during pregnancy and lactation, as there is a decrease in the absorption of iron and iron stores. Anemia is associated with poor physical and emotional development of the baby and an increased risk of postpartum depression for the mother. Many women who have the surgery, fear that they will not lose the weight gained during pregnancy.
While breastfeeding, you should focus on the balance and variety of your diet, not weight loss. The nutrient intake should be sufficient to stimulate and maintain milk production and be sufficient to prevent rapid post-pregnancy weight loss. The most important thing to pay attention to is fluid consumption. You need to take at least 1800-2300 mL of fluid daily. These liquids include water, tea, compote and herbal teas. Coffee consumption is not recommended during this period. Consuming 2-3 servings of milk and dairy products every day provides adequate calcium intake for the baby’s bone and tooth development. Choose fish that are low in mercury and preferably oily, as they are a source of omega-3 fatty acids.
Salmon, sardines, herring, freshwater trout, and Atlantic mackerel are good examples. Carbohydrates are also essential nutrients for the body. However, consuming sugary, nutrient-poor, and high-calorie foods prevents post-pregnancy weight loss. You should limit your sugar intake and prefer vegetables, fruits and wholegrain products. A healthy diet will help to support the baby’s healthy growth and ensure that the baby and mother herself are getting all the necessary nutrients to prevent any nutritional deficiencies.